Why do we only discuss the empowerment of women while ignoring that of men, why do women require empowerment but men do not. Women make up almost half of the world’s population. Why is gender equality necessary for this sizeable segment of society. They do not require special care because they do not constitute a minority group. The biological superiority of females over males has been established. The reason for our discussion of “Women Empowerment” thus becomes a concern.
What is women empowerment:-
The most important aspect of our society is that a woman should be given that much freedom so that she is free from all the social, moral, and religious limitations and gets an opportunity to evolve so that she can take decisions for not only her betterment but for the uplift of the society as a whole. It’s not that simply giving women an equal category or promoting gender equality would unpick all the problems.
Without a question, women’s status has changed significantly over time. She was once only allowed to function as a puppet in the hands of a male-dominated society, but today she is carving out a place for herself in every field. The credit for this should rightfully go to our ancestors, who for the dignity of women outlawed harmful customs like Sati Pratha. Other social reformers who contributed to the advancement of women in India include Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, Swami Vivekananda, Acharya Vinoba Bhave, and others. For instance, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar’s campaign to improve widows’ situations led to the Widow Remarriage Act of 1856.
Nearly all of the leaders of the freedom movement believed that women should have equal rights in a free India and that all forms of discrimination must end. And for that to happen, it was deemed appropriate to include measures in the Indian Constitution that would aid in the abolition of long-standing, exploitative norms and traditions as well as laws that would help in the social, economic, and political empowerment of women.
What the Constitution of India says about Women Empowerment:-
The authors of the Indian Constitution and our founding ancestors were adamant about granting women and men equal rights. One of the world’s best documents on equality is the Indian Constitution. It includes clauses that guarantee equality in general and gender equality in particular. Several Constitutional clauses protect women’s rights by putting them on an equal footing with males in terms of society, politics, and the economy.
There are various general and unique safeguards to protect women’s human rights provided by the Preamble, the Fundamental Rights, the DPSPs, and other constitutional measures.
The Preamble of the Indian Constitution guarantees social, economic, and political justice as well as equality of opportunity, status, and human dignity. As a result, it treats men and women equally.
The policy of women empowerment is well entrenched in the Fundamental Rights enshrined in our Constitution. For instance:
- Article 14 ensures that women have the right to equality.
- Article 15(1) specifically prohibits discrimination based on sex.
- Article 15(3) empowers the State to take affirmative actions in favor of women.
- Article 16 provides for equality of opportunity for all citizens in matters relating to employment or appointment to any office.
These rights being fundamental rights are justifiable in court and the Government is obliged to follow the same.
Part IV-A of the Constitution contains fundamental obligations, which the Indian people should uphold. Additionally, it includes a duty about women’s rights:
Article 51 (A) (e) expects the citizen of the country to promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India and to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women.
Other Constitutional Provisions:
A significant political right has been granted to women through the 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments of 1993, which represents a turning point for women’s empowerment in India. With this modification, women now have 33.33 percent of the seats up for election at the Panchayat, Block, and Municipality levels of local government.
Thus, it is clear that these constitutional provisions give women a great deal of authority, and the State has a responsibility to apply these principles when making judgments about public policy and passing legislation.
Conclusion and Suggestions:
In conclusion, it can be claimed that women in India are striving to carve out a place for themselves in society via their tireless efforts, with the support of constitutional and other legal provisions, as well as the assistance of the government’s numerous welfare programs. And it is encouraging to see that they are becoming more involved in both government and private jobs, national socio-political activities, and the highest decision-making bodies.